[:en]Mexicali offers safe spot for heroin addicts[:es]Crean lugares seguros para adictos a la heroína en Mexicali[:]

[:en]A neon light in the shape of a needle marks the spot. The service is open to everyone and people need only register and follow the rules: To carry a minimal amount of drugs without sharing or selling the substance. It is also forbidden to exchange needles.

On the tables of each cabin, similar to cyber cafes, there are several instruments, a trashcan, and a sign with information on the parts of the body where consumers are advised to apply the shot. This hallway of supervised consumption was designed by the Social Verter Integration organization and it is the first of its kind both in Mexico and Latin America, meant for users of heroine and crystal methamphetamine to consume drugs in a safe environment.

“The strategy came from a damage reduction program for people who inject themselves with drugs. We have been offering this type of service for more than ten years in Mexicali. We offer new needles, as well as free tests for HIV, hepatitis C, and pregnancy, among other things,” stated Said Slim Pasarán, a coordinator of social programs at Verter.

Another factor that gave birth to the social assistance program was the need to attend a specific sector of society. According to Verter, there are between 3 and 5 thousand people in Mexicali who inject themselves with substances, which is why public spaces are often occupied by drug addicts who use them as clandestine places to shoot drugs.

“These places are well known in Baja California, Sonora, and Chihuahua. They are usually public and abandoned places. Local authorities don’t even try to go in, everyone despises them,” he tells.

Not a crime in itself

According to the National Survey on Drug, Alcohol, and Tobacco Consumption 2016-2017, Baja California, Jalisco, and Quintana Roo showed the highest rates of illegal drug consumption.

Within these “picaderos” (places to shoot drugs), there are usually homeless people and others who have chosen to live in said places for commodity. “Many tragedies happen in these places: Deaths from overdose, hepatitis C and HIV transmission. Some women even give birth in places like these,” Pasarán explained.

Faced with this panorama, Said, who is a social anthropologist; Lourdes Angulo Corral, public administrator, and Jaime Arredondo, PhD in public health from the University of San Diego, decided to create the first supervised consumption facility in Mexico and Latin America.

The organization recovered a place next to their community center after speaking with the land owner. It was an abandoned lot that people used to inject themselves. Since May, following a study of focus groups, they began preparing the pilot program.

“We looked into legal and technical requirements and spoke with members of ministries for legal advice. Ours is a nonprofit initiative and there is no need for users to request for health permits or anything of that kind.”

“It is not a crime for a person to carry a minimal amount of drugs. We do not sell or distribute illegal substances, but only supervise consumption and offer services so that people enjoy health and their fundamental human rights,” Said claimed.

Source: El Universal[:es]

Una luz de neón con forma de jeringa marca el lugar. El servicio está abierto, sólo hay que registrarse y escuchar las reglas: portar la cantidad mínima de droga, no compartirla, no intercambiar jeringas y no vender sustancias. Esta sala de consumo de heroína, es parte de un programa piloto que funciona en el centro de Mexicali (México) desde junio

Sobre la mesa de cada cabina, parecida a los espacios de un café internet, hay diversos instrumentos y un bote de basura.

Esta sala de consumo supervisado, diseñada por la organización Integración Social Verter AC, es la primera en México y Latinoamérica para que los usuarios de heroína y cristal puedan consumir sin correr riesgos, según detalla el diario El Universal de México.

“Esta estrategia nace de un programa de reducción de daños dirigido a personas que se inyectan droga, el cual llevamos a cabo desde hace
más de 10 años en Mexicali y en el que ofrecíamos intercambio de jeringas, pruebas de VIH, hepatitis C y de embarazo, entre otros  servicios”, dice Said Slim Pasarán, coordinador de programas sociales de Verter.

Otro factor que impulsó la creación del servicio fue dar respuesta a una necesidad de la población: según Verter en Mexicali hay entre 3 mil y 5 mil personas que se inyectan sustancias, por lo que es frecuente la apropiación de espacios públicos para usarlos como picaderos clandestinos.

“Los picaderos son bien conocidos, hasta tradicionales, en Baja California, Sonora y Chihuahua. Son espacios públicos y abandonados. A veces ni los elementos de seguridad ingresan, todo mundo los desprecia”, narra.

De acuerdo con la Encuesta Nacional de Consumo de Drogas, Alcohol y Tabaco 2016 -2017, Baja California es uno de los tres estados —
junto con Jalisco y Quintana Roo— con los índices más altos de consumo de drogas ilegales.

Source: El Universal[:]

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